Women empowerment can be defined in very easy words that women become powerful by which they can take every decision related to their life themselves and live well in family and society.It is important to empower them so that they can achieve their true rights in society.
Why is women empowerment needed in India?
As we all know that India is a male dominated society where every field of man is interfering with money and only women Raises the responsibility of the family and the family also has many restrictions. Approximately 50 percent of India’s population is only women, it means that this half-way is needed for the development of the whole country, which is still not strong and is bound to many social restrictions. In such a situation, we can not say that in the future, our country will be able to grow without strengthening our half population. If we want to develop our country then it is important that women empowerment be encouraged by the government, men and women themselves.
Women’s empowerment was necessitated because there was gender inequality in ancient times and male dominated society. Women were suppressed by their own family and community for a number of reasons, and with them many types of violence and discrimination in the family and society were seen not only in India but in other countries also. For the women, ancient and old traditions have been shrouded in new rituals and traditions since ancient times.In the Indian society, there is a tradition of worshiping women’s ladies in the form of a mother, sister, daughter, wife, but this does not mean that the need for development of the country will be fulfilled only by worshiping women. It is necessary today that half the population of the country i.e women should be empowered in every area which will be the basis for the development of the country.
India is a famous country which has proved the idiom of “unity in diversity”, where people living in different religions of Indian society live. Women have been given a different place in every religion, helping people continue their many big wrong actions (physical and mental) in the form of a large curtain covering the eyes of people and for many years as a role model is. Ancient Indian society was the practice of Sati practice, city bride system, dowry practice, sexual violence, domestic violence, killing of pregnancies, screening practices, sexual exploitation at work place, child labor, child marriage and devadasi customs, along with other discriminating practices. This kind of mischief is the cause of patriarchal society and male superiority psychology.
Social political rights (freedom to work, right to education etc.) were completely prohibited by male family members. Some bad practices against women were removed by the people of open thoughts and great Indians, who raised their voices for discriminating against women. Because of the constant efforts of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, the British were forced to abolish sati practice . Later, other Indian social reformers (Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Acharya Vinobha Bhave, Swami Vivekanand etc.) also raised their voices for women’s uplift and fought hard. In order to improve the condition of widows in India, Lord Chandra Vidyasagar started the Widow Remarriage Act, 1856 with its constant effort.
In the past few years many government has created and implemented many constitutional and legal rights to remove gender inequality and bad practices against women. However, to solve such a big topic, everyone needs constant support, including women.The modern society is more aware of women’s rights, which resulted in many self-help groups and NGOs working in this direction. Women are more open-minded and breaking social bonds to gain their rights in all dimensions.
There are certain Acts passed by Parliament to empower women with legal rights – An Equal Remuneration Act 1976, Dowry Stop Act 1961, Unethical Trade (Prevention) Act 1956, Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act 1987, Child Marriage Prevention Act 2006 , Gender Testing Techniques (Prevention of Controller and Misuse) Act 1994, Women’s Sexual Abuse Act 2013 at Work.
In order to bring women empowerment in truth in Indian society, it is necessary to understand and remove the main causes of bad practices against women, which is the patriarchal and male influence system of society. It is necessary that we change old thinking against women and make changes in constitutional and legal provisions.