Unemployment is a serious issue. There are several factors that are responsible for this. Some of them include lack of proper education, lack of good skills and talent, inability to perform, lack of good job opportunities and rapidly growing population. Further, a look at the unemployment stability, the consequences of unemployment and the measures taken by the government to control it.
Unemployment related figures in India
The Ministry of Labor and Employment in India keeps records of unemployment in the country. Statistics of unemployment are calculated on the basis of the number of people whose data has been of no work during the 365 days before the date of matching and still are demanding employment.
From 1983 to 2013, the unemployment rate in India was 9.40%, with average 7.32 percent and this was 4.90% in 2013. In 2015-16, the rate of unemployment was 8.7% for women and 4.3% for men.
Results of unemployment:
There are serious socio-economic issues due to unemployment. This not only affects one person but the entire society.
1.Increase in poverty
It is absolutely true that the increase in the rate of poverty has increased in the country due to the increase in unemployment rate. Unemployment is largely responsible for obstructing the economic development of the country.
2.Increase in crime rate
Unable to find a suitable job, the unemployed usually takes the path of crime because it is an easy way to make money. One of the main reasons for the rapidly rising cases of theft, robbery and other fierce crimes is unemployment.
3.Exploitation of labor
Employees generally take advantage of the lack of jobs in the market by offering low salaries. People unable to find a job related to their skills are usually organized for low-paid jobs. Employees are also forced to work every day for fixed number of hours.
There is a lack of confidence in the government as a result of lack of employment opportunities and this situation often leads to political instability.
The level of dissatisfaction increases among unemployed people, which gradually begins to change in anxiety, depression and other mental health problems.
5.Loss of skill
Living out of the job for a long time leads to loss of life and skill. This reduces the confidence of a person to a great extent.
Government initiatives to reduce unemployment
Government of India has started a number of programs to reduce the problem of unemployment as well as to help unemployed people in the country. Some of them include Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP), Jawahar Rozgar Yojana, Drought Prone Area Program (DPAP), Self-Employment Training, Nehru Employment Scheme (NRY), Employment Assurance Plan, Prime Minister’s Integrated Urban Poverty Alleviation Program (PMIUPEP), employment offices, jobs in foreign countries, small and cottage industries, employment guarantee scheme and development of Jawahar village prosperity scheme etc are included.
In addition to providing employment opportunities through these programs, the Government is also sensitizing the importance of education and providing skill training to the unemployed people.
In conclusion, Unemployment is the root cause of various problems in society. Though the government has taken initiative to reduce the problem, the measures taken are not effective enough. Due to this problem, various factors should be studied well to see effective and integrated solutions. It is time that the government should recognize the sensitivity of the matter and take some serious steps to reduce it.