There are some basic rights which are famous for being human and fundamental to human expansion. In the absence of these rights, any man’s existence will be useless. Thus, when political institutions were formed, their role and responsibilities were mainly focused on people (especially minorities) to live with the rights of equality, respect and religious freedom.
Fundamental rights have been classified into 6 categories:
1. Right to Equality
2. Right to Freedom
3. Right Against Exploitation
4. Right to freedom of religion
5. Cultural and educational rights
6. Right to Constitutional Measures
Right to equality
It includes equality before law, which means that the ban on equal protection of law, public employment, untouchability and the elimination of title on the basis of caste, creed, color or gender. It has been said that all citizens are equal in law and there can be no discrimination against anyone in any way. This right also shows that everyone will have equal access to public places.
In order to provide equal opportunity, in government services, there will be no reservation for widows and physically handicapped persons except Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. This right was mainly made to eliminate untouchability, which had been practiced in India for decades.
Right to freedom
It includes freedom of speech, freedom of speech, freedom of speech and freedom to travel anywhere in India, freedom of living and settling in any part of India and freedom to choose a profession.
It has also been said under this right that any citizen of India has full right to buy, sell and maintain property in any part of the country. People have the freedom to join any business or business. This right also defines that a person can not be held guilty twice for the same crime and can not be forced to stand as a witness against himself.
Rights against exploitation
It includes restrictions against any kind of forced labor. Children under the age of 14 are not allowed to work in mines or factories, where the risk of life is involved. According to this, no person has the right to exploit the other person in any way.Thus, human trafficking and beggar have been made a legal crime and there is a provision to punish those found involved. Similarly, slavery and human trafficking have been declared as crime for women and children for unscrupulous purposes. The minimum payment for wages has been defined and in this regard, no compromise is permitted.
Right to freedom of religion
It has been said that there will be complete freedom of discrimination for all citizens of India. Everyone will have the right to adopt, practice and spread the religion of their choice and the Center and the State Government will not in any way hinder any religious matters of any kind. All religions will have the right to establish and maintain institutions for religious and charitable purposes and will be free to manage their own affairs in relation to these.
Cultural and educational rights
It is one of the most important rights because education is considered to be the primary right of every child. Cultural rights say that every country wants to preserve its cultural heritage. According to this right, all are free to develop a culture of their choice and are free to acquire any kind of education.No person will be denied admission to any educational institution on the basis of his culture, caste or religion. All minorities have the right to establish their own educational institutions.
Right to Constitutional Measures
It has a very special right given to the citizens. According to this right, every citizen has the power to go to court. If any of the above mentioned rights are not followed, then the court is standing as a guard against the violation of these rights.If, in any case, the government is forcefully or deliberately doing injustice to any person or anyone is imprisoned without any reason or illegal work, then the right to take constitutional measures is to get the person to court and get justice against the actions of the government.
Fundamental rights play an important role in the lives of citizens. These rights can defend against complexity and difficulty and can help us to become a good person.