Democracy in India


Democracy in india

The democratic nation is a nation where citizens choose their government using their right to elect. Democracy is sometimes called “the rule of majority”. Many countries around the world run a democratic government, but India has the distinction of becoming the largest democracy. Democracy is meant by people, people and people selected for the people. In the democratic nation, citizens get the right to vote and to choose their government.

History of democracy in India

India is the largest democracy in the world. After being ruled by the Mughals, Maurya, British and many other rulers for centuries, India finally became a democratic country after independence in 1947.After this, people of the country, who were exploited by foreign powers for many years, finally got the right to choose their own ministers by vote. Democracy in India is not limited to giving its citizens the right to vote, but it is also working towards social and economic equality.

Democracy in India works on five democratic principles:


Sovereign refers to an entity which is free from the control of any foreign power. Indian citizens use universal power to choose their ministers.


Socialist means to provide social and economic equality to all the citizens of India by ignoring caste, color, creed, sex and religion.


Secularism means freedom of adherence to any religion with its choice. There is no official religion in our country.


Democratic means that the Government of India is elected by its citizens. Without any discrimination, all Indian citizens have been empowered to vote so that they can choose the government of their choice.


The head of the country is not a hereditary king or queen. He is elected by the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, where representatives of themselves have been elected by the people.

How democracy works in India

Every Indian citizen over 18 years of age can use the right to vote in India. There is no discrimination on the basis of caste, creed, religion, gender or education of any person to provide voting rights. There are many parties in India whose candidates contest on their behalf, which include the major Indian National Congress (Congress), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Communist Party of India (CPI), Communist Party of India-Marxist
(CPI-M), All India Trinamool Congress (TMC) and Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) etc. Before voting for the candidates, the public evaluates the work done during the last tenure of these parties or their representatives.

Area for improvement

There is a lot of room for improvement in Indian democracy, these steps should be taken to improve it:

1. Promote literacy
2. Encouraging people to vote
3. Educate people to choose the right candidate
4. Encourage intelligent and educated people to play leadership role
5. Elimination of communalism
6. To ensure fair and responsible media
7. Monitoring the functioning of elected members
8. Construction of responsible opposition in Lok Sabha and Assembly

Although democracy in India has been appreciated for its work worldwide, there is still a lot of scope for improvement in it. The above steps can be used to ensure democracy functioning in the country.


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